Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus and Exercise in Competitive Athletes
Aims: The number of patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus who are actively participating in competitive sports is increasing. Here, we aimed to assess individual experiences of competitive athletes with type 1 diabetes and to compare these experiences with current recommendations.
Methods: A survey of 20 competitive athletes with type 1 diabetes, categorized as endurance (n=10) and non-endurance (n=10) athletes, was performed.
Results: Endurance and non-endurance athletes did not differ in gender distribution, age, body mass index, and known diabetes duration. Self-reported target blood glucose values prior to exercise were lower in non-endurance than in endurance athletes (195±34 vs. 137±28 mg/dl, P=0.001). The majority of all athletes experienced activity-induced hypo- and hyperglycemic events, independently of exercise type. However, endurance athletes used additional carbohydrate units to prevent activity-induced hypoglycemic events more frequently without monitoring their blood glucose levels than non-endurance athletes (50% vs. 0%, P=0.01). The reduction of the insulin dose on training and competition days compared to days without exercise was similar for endurance and non-endurance athletes.
Conclusion: These results point to a very individual adaption of the athlete’s therapy during training and competition. However, there are distinct differences in diabetes management between endurance and non-endurance athletes.
Autor / Fonte:I Ratjen, K S Weber, M Roden, M-E Herrmann, K Müssig Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes 2015 April 8