The Mitochondrial-Derived Peptide MOTS-c Promotes Metabolic Homeostasis and Reduces Obesity and Insulin Resistance
- •MOTS-c is a 16-amino-acid peptide encoded in the mitochondrial genome
- •MOTS-c targets muscle and regulates metabolism via the folate-purine-AMPK pathway
- •MOTS-c mediates mitochondrial regulation of insulin and metabolic homeostasis
- •MOTS-c protects against age- and diet-dependent insulin resistance and obesity
Mitochondria are known to be functional organelles, but their role as a signaling unit is increasingly being appreciated. The identification of a short open reading frame (sORF) in the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) that encodes a signaling peptide, humanin, suggests the possible existence of additional sORFs in the mtDNA. Here we report a sORF within the mitochondrial 12S rRNA encoding a 16-amino-acid peptide named MOTS-c (mitochondrial open reading frame of the 12S rRNA-c) that regulates insulin sensitivity and metabolic homeostasis. Its primary target organ appears to be the skeletal muscle, and its cellular actions inhibit the folate cycle and its tethered de novo purine biosynthesis, leading to AMPK activation. MOTS-c treatment in mice prevented age-dependent and high-fat-diet-induced insulin resistance, as well as diet-induced obesity. These results suggest that mitochondria may actively regulate metabolic homeostasis at the cellular and organismal level via peptides encoded within their genome.
Autor / Fonte:Changhan Lee, Jennifer Zeng, Brian G. Drew, Tamer Sallam, Alejandro Martin-Montalvo, Junxiang Wan, Su-Jeong Kim, Hemal Mehta, Andrea L. Hevener, Rafael de Cabo, Pinchas Cohen. Cell Metabolism, 2015; 21 (3): 443 DOI: 10.1016/j.cmet.2015.02.009