Maximal rate of heart rate increase correlates with fatigue/recovery status in female cyclists
Being able to identify how an athlete is responding to training would be useful to optimise adaptation and performance. The maximal rate of heart rate increase (rHRI), a marker of heart rate acceleration has been shown to correlate with performance changes in response to changes in training load in male athletes; however, it has not been established if it also correlates with performance changes in female athletes.
rHRI and cycling performance were assessed in six female cyclists following 7 days of light training (LT), 14 days of heavy training (HT) and a 10 day taper period. rHRI was the first derivative maximum of a sigmoidal curve fit to R-R data recorded during 5 min of cycling at 100 W. Cycling performance was assessed as work done (kJ) during time-trials of 5 (5TT) and 60 (60TT) min duration.
5TT was possibly decreased at HT (ES ± 90% confidence interval = − 0.16 ± 0.25; p = 0.60), while, 5TT and 60TT very likely to almost certainly increased from HT to taper (ES = 0.71 ± 0.24; p = 0.007 and ES = 0.42 ± 0.19; p = 0.02, respectively). Large within-subject correlations were found between rHRI, and 5TT (r = 0.65 ± 0.37; p = 0.02) and 60TT (r = 0.70 ± 0.31; p = 0.008).
rHRI during the transition from rest to light exercise correlates with training induced-changes in exercise performance in females, suggesting that rHRI may be a useful monitoring tool for female athletes.
KeywordsHeart rate Performance Fatigue monitoring Cycling Autonomic function
Autonomic nervous system
Heart rate recovery
Heart rate variability
Maximal rate of heart rate increase
7 day, light training period
14 day, heavy training period
5 min maximal cycling time-trial
60 min maximal cycling time-trial
Beats per minute
Autor / Fonte:Maximillian J Nelson, Clint R Bellenger, Rebecca L Thomson, Eileen Y Robertson, Kade Davison, Daniela Schäfer Olstad, Jonathan D Buckley European Journal of Applied Physiology 2017 October 9