Influence of depression on cardiometabolic responses to a lifestyle intervention in at-risk individuals

Abstract

Background

Cardiometabolic diseases and depression are public health problems that are often related. The benefits of behavioral interventions on lifestyle are well documented. However, the influence of depression in these interventions is unclear.

Objective

To evaluate whether depression affects the impact of a lifestyle intervention on cardiometabolic response in an at-risk sample.

Methods

129 individuals identified by the public health system to be at risk for cardiometabolic disease were allocated to 18-month interventions on diet and physical activity. Socio-demographic and clinical data were obtained. Depressive symptoms were assessed by the Beck Depression Inventory. Changes by at least 10% in each of 6 cardiometabolic risk factors were used to define responses to intervention. Logistic regression models were employed for each gender.

Results

Approximately 42% of individuals had depressive symptoms. They had higher adiposity, cholesterol, and blood pressure levels and lower quality of life and physical activity levels than non-depressed individuals. In adjusted models, only women with depression at baseline had lower chance of improving plasma glucose (OR: 0.32) and lower chance of improving mean blood pressure (OR: 0.29) after the follow-up, compared with non-depressed women.

Limitations

The small sample size may have diminished the power of the results and the instrument used to measure depression does not provide clinical diagnosis according to DSM criteria.

Conclusion

Depression at baseline of lifestyle interventions predicted a lower chance of improving long-term cardiometabolic risk, particularly in women, suggesting that screening and management of depression as part of lifestyle interventions can potentially improve cardiometabolic risk profile.


Autor / Fonte:Adriana Cezaretto, Mohammadreza Pakseresht, Sangita Sharma, Fariba Kolahdooz, Antonela Siqueira-Catania, Camila Risso de Barros, Sandra Roberta Gouvea Ferreira Journal of Affective Disorders 2014 December 19, 174: 516-521
Link: http://www.jad-journal.com/article/S0165-0327(14)00823-4/abstract