Humans In Hypoxia: A Conspiracy Of Maladaptation?!
We address adaptive vs. maladaptive responses to hypoxemia in healthy humans and hypoxic-tolerant species during wakefulness, sleep, and exercise. Types of hypoxemia discussed include short-term and life-long residence at high altitudes, the intermittent hypoxemia attending sleep apnea, or training regimens prescribed for endurance athletes. We propose that hypoxia presents an insult to O2 transport, which is poorly tolerated in most humans because of the physiological cost.
Autor / Fonte:Jerome A Dempsey, Barbara J Morgan Physiology 2015, 30 (4): 304-16