Food avoidance in athletes: FODMAP foods on the list

ABSTRACT

We surveyed 910 athletes to assess behaviours towards self-selected food/ingredient avoidance to minimize gastrointestinal distress. Fifty-five percent eliminated at least 1 high fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols (FODMAP) food/category, with up to 82.6% reporting symptom improvement. In athletes indicating that high FODMAP foods trigger gastrointestinal symptoms, lactose (86.5%) was most frequently eliminated, followed by galactooligosaccharides (23.9%), fructose (23.0%), fructans (6.2%), and polyols (5.4%). Athletes avoid predominantly lactose and to a lesser extent other high FODMAP foods to reduce gastrointestinal distress.

Keywords: lactosefructansfructoseeliminationdietgastrointestinal 



Autor / Fonte:Dana Lis, Kiran D K Ahuja, Trent Stellingwerff, Cecilia M Kitic, James Fell Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme 2016 May 11, : 1-3
Link: http://www.nrcresearchpress.com/doi/10.1139/apnm-2015-0428#.V67AX1QrJdh