Five Weeks Of Sprint And High Intensity Interval Training Improves Paddling Performance In Adolecent Surfers.
Purpose: The purpose of our study was to examine the effects of sprint interval training (SIT; 10 s) and high intensity interval training (HIT; 30 s) on surfing athletes paddling performance (400m time trial and repeat sprint paddle performance). Methods: Twenty four competitive adolescent surfers (19 male, 5 female, age=14.4 +/- 1.3 y, mass: 50.1 +/- 10.7 kg, stature: 159.9 +/- 10.3 cm) were assigned to perform either five weeks of SIT and HIT training. Participants completed a repeated sprint paddle ability test (RSPT, 15m surfboard sprint paddle initiated every 40 s x 10 bouts) and 400m endurance surfboard paddle time trial prior to and following training. Results: HIT decreased the total time to complete the 400m by 15.8 +/- 16.1 s (P=0.03), and SIT decreased the total time to complete the RSPT by 6.5 +/- 4.3 s (P=0.02). Fatigue index during the RSPT (first - slowest effort) was lower following HIT and SIT (P=<=0.001 and P=0.02, respectively). There were no significant differences in performance changes in the 400m (Total time) and RSPT (total time, fastest 15m time, peak velocity) between HIT and SIT. Conclusion: Our study indicates that HIT and SIT may be implemented to the training program of surfers to improve aerobic and repeat sprint paddle ability, both of which are identified as key aspects of the sport. Additionally, these findings indicate that 400m paddle and RSPT can discriminate between aerobic and anaerobic training adaptations, with aerobic gains likely from HIT and anaerobic gains from SIT.
Copyright (C) 2016 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association.
Autor / Fonte:Oliver R L Farley, Josh L Secomb, Joanna Parsonage, Lina E Lundgren, Chris R Abbiss, Jeremy M Sheppard Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 2016 February 2