Evaluation of postural stability in youth athletes: the relationship between two rating systems

Abstract

Objectives: The Balance Error Scoring System (BESS) has been documented as a useful way to evaluate postural control following sport-related concussions sustained by youth athletes. However, limitations have been reported with its use due to the reliance on visual observation as the primary measurement outcome. The primary purpose of this study was to examine the correlation between the modified BESS (mBESS) as rated by a clinician and a simultaneous analysis performed by an integrated video-force plate system. The secondary purpose was to assess if a history of prior concussion affected postural control.
Methods: A group of healthy youth athletes (n = 398; mean age 13.7 ± 2.4 years) completed the mBESS while simultaneously undergoing an integrated video-force plate evaluation to measure postural stability. Spearman rank-order correlations were used to determine the strength of correlation between the 2 rating systems. In addition, performance on the mBESS between those with and without a history of concussion was compared using univariate ANCOVAs.
Results: A moderately high correlation was found during single-leg stance (ρ = -0.64, p < .001), while a weak correlation was found during tandem stance (ρ = -0.30, p < .001). No postural control differences were found between groups with and without a concussion history.
Conclusion: The video-force plate rating system correlates well with the clinician rating during the single-leg stance of the mBESS, but not during double-leg or tandem stances. A history of concussion did not affect mBESS scores. 

Autor / Fonte:David R Howell, Benjamin J Shore, Emily Hanson, William P Meehan Physician and Sportsmedicine 2016 June 8
Link: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00913847.2016.1197763