Determinants of discrepancies between two-dimensional echocardiographic methods for assessment of maximal left atrial volume
Aims The determinants of discrepancies among two-dimensional echocardiographic (2D-E) methods for left atrial volume (LAV) assessment are poorly investigated.
Methods and results Maximal LAV was measured in 613 individuals (282 healthy subjects,180 athletes, and 151 hypertensives; age 45 ± 20 years, 62% male) using the ellipsoid model (LAVEllips), the area–length method (LAVAL), and the Simpson's rule (LAVSimps). On the basis of a mathematical model, two left atrial (LA) geometry indexes were tested as predictors of discrepancies between methods: the ratio between LA medial–lateral diameter (MLD) and LA anteroposterior diameter (APD); and the ratio between LA area in the four-chamber view and that of an ellipse with the same diameters [deviation from ellipse (DE)-coefficient]. Discrepancies among methods were consistently present in the overall population and across all study groups. MLD/APD and the DE-coefficient together predicted 76 and 68% of differences between biplane LAVAL and LAVEllips, and between biplane LAVSimps and LAVEllips,respectively. The DE-coefficient was the only determinant of LAVAL/LAVSimps difference (β = 0.167, P < 0.0001). Body mass index was the strongest predictor of discrepancies between single-plane and biplane approaches of LAVAL (β = 0.427, P < 0.0001) and LAVSimps (β = 0.424, P < 0.0001). In additional analyses, biplane LAVAL showed the best agreement with LAV obtained by three-dimensional echocardiography and the best reproducibility and repeatability.
Conclusion LA geometry is the main determinant of inconsistencies between 2D-E methods for measuring maximal LAV. Body mass index is the strongest determinant of differences between single-plane and biplane approaches. Different 2D-E methods cannot be used interchangeably for diagnosis and follow-up. The biplane area–length method should be preferred, particularly in overweight-obese subjects.
- Left atrial volume
- Left atrial geometry
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Autor / Fonte:Piercarlo Ballo, Stefano Nistri, Maurizio Galderisi, Donato Mele, more. European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging 2016 April 20