Challenges of Exercise Recommendations and Sports Participation in Genetic Heart Disease Patients

Introduction

Physical activity has been shown to have many health benefits in the primary and secondary prevention of noncommunicable chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, and certain cancers.13 Physical activity also has a positive effect on psychological well-being, reducing the risk and severity of depression and anxiety and improving stress levels and mood.4,5Physical activity includes activities undertaken as part of occupational and household duties, or for transport, as well as sporting and other recreational activities.6 Exercise is a major component of physical activity, distinct in that it is generally planned, structured, repetitive and has an objective of improved physical fitness and health.6 With physical activity providing so many health benefits, it follows that physical inactivity should be a major concern for health professionals and the population as a whole. Physical inactivity is the fourth leading cause of death worldwide and has been identified as a pandemic requiring global attention.7In addition, physical inactivity has been deemed responsible for nearly 10% of premature deaths worldwide.8

Although exercise is beneficial for all age groups for both healthy people and those predisposed to chronic medical conditions, such as coronary artery disease, the role of exercise in the setting of patients with genetic heart diseases is more complex. A well described association between high-intensity exercise and sudden cardiac death (SCD) has been established,9,10 and this has historically led to blanket sport and exercise restrictions for any patient meeting diagnostic criteria …

 


Autor / Fonte:Joanna Sweeting, Jodie Ingles, Kylie Ball, Christopher Semsarian Circulation. Cardiovascular Genetics 2015, 8 (1): 178-86
Link: http://circgenetics.ahajournals.org/content/8/1/178.extract