Athletic performance and recovery–stress factors in cycling: An ever changing balance


We sought to examine whether the relationship between recovery–stress factors and performance would differ at the beginning (Stage 1) and the end (Final Stage) of a multi-stage cycling competition. Sixty-seven cyclists with a mean age of 21.90 years (SD = 1.60) and extensive international experience participated in the study. The cyclists responded to the Recovery–Stress Questionnaire for Athletes (RESTQ-Sport) and rated their performance (1 = extremely poor to 10 = excellent) in respect to the first and last stage. Two step-down multiple regression models were used to estimate the relationship among recovery (nine factors; e.g. Physical Recovery, Sleep Quality) and stress factors (10 factors; e.g. Lack of Energy, Physical Complaints), as assessed by the RESTQ-Sport and in relation to performance. Model 1 pertained to Stage 1, whereas Model 2 used data from the Final Stage. The final Model 1 revealed that Physical Recovery (β = .46, p= .01), Injury (β = −.31, p = .01) and General Well-being (β = −.26, p = .04) predicted performance in Stage 1 (R2  = .21). The final Model 2 revealed a different relationship between recovery–stress factors and performance. Specifically, being a climber (β = .28, p = .01), Conflicts/Pressure (β = .33, p = .01), and Lack of Energy (β = −.37, p = .01) were associated with performance at the Final Stage (R2  = .19). Collectively, these results suggest that the relationship among recovery and stress factors changes greatly over a relatively short period of time, and dynamically influences performance in multi-stage competitions.


Autor / Fonte:Edson Filho, Selenia di Fronso, Fabio Forzini, Mauro Murgia, Tiziano Agostini, Laura Bortoli, Claudio Robazza, Maurizio Bertollo European Journal of Sport Science 2015 August 16, : 1-10