Athletes with Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators
Athletes with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) represent a diverse group of individuals who may be at an increased risk of sudden cardiac death when engaging in vigorous physical activity. Therefore, they are excluded by the current guidelines from participating in most competitive sports except those classified as low intensity, such as bowling and golf. The lack of substantial data on the natural history of the cardiac diseases affecting these athletes as well as the unknown efficacy of ICDs in terminating life-threatening arrhythmias occurring during intense exercise has resulted in the restrictive nature of these now decade old guidelines.
Keywords:Arrhythmia, Athlete, Bethesda Conference, Exercise, Implanted cardioverter defibrillator (ICD), Long QT syndrome, Sudden cardiac death, European Society of Cardiology (ESC)
Autor / Fonte:Shiva P. Ponamgi, MD, Christopher V. DeSimone, MD, PhD, Michael J. Ackerman, MD, PhD