Arterial adaptations in athletes of dynamic and static sports disciplines – a pilot study
Structural and functional arterial adaptations with regard to the type and level of training in young athletes are understudied. Our research aimed at evaluating them in two types of exercise (dynamic and static) and two levels of engagement (high and recreational).
A total of 76 volunteers formed five groups. Group A included 17 high‐level dynamic sports athletes 30·9 ± 6·4 years old, group B 14 recreational ones aged 28·7 ± 6·2 years, group C 15 high‐level static sports athletes 26·4 ± 3·9 years old and group D 16 recreational ones, aged 25·8 ± 4·8 years. Fourteen sedentary men 30 ± 3·8 years old formed control group E. Structural indices of left cardiac chambers and thoracic aorta were echographically obtained, as well as common carotid intima‐media thickness (cIMT). Furthermore, applanation tonometry was conducted, at rest and during a handgrip strength test, for the acquisition of central arterial pressure parameters, carotid‐femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) and total arterial compliance (Cτ).
No significant differences in structural arterial markers were observed. However, group A obtained the highest handgrip central systolic pressure values (13·1% compared to group D, P<0·05). Resting cfPWV was lower in group B by 13·8% (P<0·05) than C and by 16·7% (P<0·01) than E, whereas Cτ was higher in group Β by 33·3% than C (P<0·05) and by 40·9% than E (P<0·01).
Functional arterial exercise‐induced adaptations become apparent at an early age, without being in conjunction with structural ones. Recreational dynamic exercise results in the most favourable arterial characteristics.
Autor / Fonte:Panagiota Sotiriou, Evangelia Kouidi, Asterios Karagiannis, Nikolaos Koutlianos, Parashos Geleris, Vasileios Vassilikos, Asterios Deligiannis Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging 2018 November 11