The role of new echocardiographic techniques in athlete´s heart


‘Athlete’s heart’ is a common term for the various adaptive changes induced by intensive exercise. Exercise causes alterations of the heart in hemodynamic response to the increased systemic and pulmonary demand during exercise. The understanding of these adaptations is of high importance, since they may overlap with those caused by pathological conditions. Cardiac imaging assessment of the athlete’s heart should begin with a complete echocardiographic examination. In recent years classical echocardiographic surveys have been joined by new developments: tissue Doppler imaging, strain rate echocardiography, and real-time 3-dimensional echocardiography. This review paper focuses on the importance of these new echocardiographic techniques in delineating the morphological characteristics and functional properties of the athlete’s heart.

Keywords: athlete’s heart, left ventricular hypertrophy, strain, tissue Doppler, three-dimensional echocardiography, sport

Autor / Fonte:Antonello D´Andrea, Eduardo Bossone, Juri Radmilovic, Pio Caso, Raffaele Calabrò, Maria Giovanna Russo, Maurizio Galderisi F1000Research 2015, 4: 289