Sudden Death in Young Brazilian Athletes: Isn't It Time We Created a Genuinely National Register?

ABSTRACT

Young competitive athletes (≤ 35 years old) with or without a previous diagnosis of cardiovascular disease may suddenly die in competitive activities, potentially leading to an impact in society through the media. Although the relative risk for sudden death (SD) in athletes is twice as high as for their counterparts, the absolute incidence is low. While there is consensus among medical societies worldwide that early detection of causal factors is highly desirable, there is debate among different screening schemes to that end. In Brazil, the recommendations of the Brazilian Society of Cardiology mirror the guidelines of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC), which indicate a clinical examination combined with a 12-lead resting electrocardiogram, regardless of the presence of risk factors. The possibility of genetic screening is also plausible, since most clinical entities that cause SD in young competitive athletes are related to genotype. Finally, considering the diversity of practiced sports, and the population miscegenation, we emphasize the need to a national registry of cases.

Keywords Cardiovascular Diseases; Athletes; Adolescent; Youth Sports; Death, Sudden, Cardiac; Genotype 

 


Autor / Fonte:Lucas Helal, Filipe Ferrari, Ricardo Stein. Arq. Bras. Cardiol. vol.111 no.6 São Paulo Dec. 2018 http://dx.doi.org/10.5935/abc.20180207
Link: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0066-782X2018001800856&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en