Sports-related dermatoses among road runners in Southern Brazil.
BACKGROUND:Road running is a growing sport. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of sports-related dermatoses among road runners.
METHODS:Cross-sectional study of 76 road runners. Assessment was performed by means of a questionnaire, interview, and clinical examination. The chi-square and linear trend tests were used for analysis.
RESULTS:Most athletes were men (61%), aged 38±11 years, who ran mid- or long-distance courses (60.5%) for 45 to 60 minutes (79%), for a total of 25-64 km (42.1% ) or more than 65 km (18.4%) per week. The most prevalent injuries were blisters (50%), chafing (42.1%), calluses (34.2%), onychomadesis (31.5%), tinea pedis (18.4%), onychocryptosis (14.5%), and cheilitis simplex (14.5%). Among athletes running >64 km weekly, several conditions were significantly more frequent: calluses (p<0.04), jogger's nipple (p<0.004), cheilitis simplex (p<0.05), and tinea pedis (p<0.004). There was a significant association between the weekly running distance and the probability of skin lesions. Of the athletes in our sample, 57% trained before 10 a.m., 86% wore clothing and accessories for sun protection, 62% wore sunscreen, and 19.7% experienced sunburn. Traumatic and environmental dermatoses are common in practitioners of this outdoor sport, and are influenced by the weekly running distance.
CONCLUSION:In this group of athletes, rashes, blisters, sunburn, and nail disorders were recurrent complaints regardless of running distance. Calluses, athlete's foot, chapped lips, and jogger's nipple predominated in individuals who ran longer routes.
Keywords : Athletes; Quality of life; Running; Dermatology
Autor / Fonte:PURIM, Kátia Sheylla Malta and LEITE, Neiva. An. Bras. Dermatol. [online]. 2014, vol.89, n.4, pp. 587-592. ISSN 0365-0596. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/abd1806-4841.20142792.