Mechanisms of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction in athletes: current perspectives and future challenges.
The evidence of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) without asthma (EIBwA) occurring in athletes led to speculate about different endotypes inducing respiratory symptoms within athletes. Classical postulated mechanisms for bronchial obstruction in this population include the osmotic and the thermal hypotheses. More recently, the presence of epithelial injury and inflammation in the airways of athletes was demonstrated. In addition, neuronal activation has been suggested as a potential modulator of bronchoconstriction. Investigation of these emerging mechanisms are of major importance since EIB is a significant problem for both recreational and competitive athletes and is the most common chronic condition among Olympic athletes, with obvious implications for their competing performance, health and quality of life. Hereby we summarize the latest achievements in this area and identify the current gaps of knowledge so that future research heads towards better defining the etiologic factors and mechanisms involved in development of EIB in elite athletes as well as essential aspects to ultimately propose preventive and therapeutic measures.
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Autor / Fonte:Mariana Couto, Marcin Kurowski, André Moreira, Dominique M A Bullens, Kai-Håkon Carlsen, Luís Delgado, Marek L Kowalski, Sven F Seys Allergy 2017 June 9