LEG-LENGTH INEQUALITY AND RUNNING-RELATED INJURY AMONG HIGH SCHOOL RUNNERS
Participation in high school cross-country continues to increase with over 492,000 participants during the 2016-17 cross-country season. Several studies have indicated a high incidence of running-related injuries (RRI) in high school cross-country runners. Risk factors for RRI can be divided between intrinsic and extrinsic risk factors. Intrinsic risk factors such as structural asymmetries have received less attention in recent years.
The primary purposes of the current study were to (1) describe the prevalence of leg-length inequality among female and male high school cross-country runners, and (2) to determine whether leg-length inequality was associated with increased RRI in female and male high school cross-country runners.
Prospective observational cohort study.
Three hundred ninety-three (222 males, 171 females) athletes competing in high school cross-country running were followed, prospectively. The runners' right and left leg-lengths were measured with a standard cloth tape measure in a supine position. Incidence of low back/lower extremity RRI during practices or competitive events was monitored using the Daily Injury Report.
A similar percentage of leg-length inequality greater than 0.5 cm was found among female (19.3%) and male (22.1%) runners. No statistically significant associations were found between leg-length inequality and (RRI) for female or male runners, with the exception that after adjusting for BMI, males with a leg-length inequality > 1.5 cm were over seven times more likely to incur a lower leg RRI (Adjusted Odds Ratio = 7.47; 95%CI: 1.5, 36.9; p = 0.01) than males with a leg-length inequality < 0.5 cm. Side of RRI was not associated with side of longer limb length.
While leg-length inequality was not associated with RRI, in general, males with a leg-length inequality > 1.5 cm were at greater likelihood of sustaining a lower leg RRI.
Level of Evidence
Autor / Fonte:Mitchell J Rauh International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy 2018, 13 (4): 643-651