ENVIRONMENTAL DETERMINANTS OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN CHILDREN: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW

ABSTRACT


Introduction: 
The lack of physical activity (PA) in children is an important health risk factor. Previous studies have shown that some environmental features may be associated with PA levels.
Objectives: 
Find and comprehend which environmental features were mostly positively associated with children’s physical activity.Methods: Twenty-eight studies that assessed association between the environmental features and physical activity among children (ages 3 to 12-years) and fulfilled selection criteria were systematically reviewed.
Results: 
Results across the various studies showed that facilities and parks/playgrounds are mostly positively associated with children’s PA. Sidewalks and bike lanes were positively associated to PA in all studies. Safety, traffic and weather showed inconsistent associations with children’s PA.
Conclusions: 
Beginning to understand which environmental features contribute more to PA in children can lead to increased levels of PA.  
Keywords: 
PHYSICAL ACTIVITY, ENVIRONMENT, CHILDREN

Autor / Fonte:André Fernandes Oliveira, Carla Moreira, Sandra Abreu, Jorge Mota, Rute Santos. ARCHIVES OF EXERCISE IN HEALTH AND DISEASE, VOL 4, NO 2 (2014)
Link: http://ciafel.fade.up.pt/aehd/index.php/aehd/article/view/158/pdf