Eligibility and Disqualification Recommendations for Competitive Athletes With Cardiovascular Abnormalities: Task Force 9: Arrhythmias and Conduction Defects : A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association and American College of Cardiology
- ACC/AHA Scientific Statements;
- cardiovascular abnormalities;
- conduction defects
A broad range of variations in heart rates and rhythms, specific cardiac arrhythmias, and atrioventricular (AV) and intraventricular conduction disturbances are observed in athletes. Although most are common among nonathletes as well, the special circumstances and pressures related to athletic performance demand a high level of attention. The distinction between normal variants, often exaggerated by the specific physiology of the conditioned athlete, and arrhythmias that may be symptomatic or life-threatening may be significant challenges.
Autor / Fonte:Douglas P Zipes, Mark S Link, Michael J Ackerman, Richard J Kovacs, Robert J Myerburg, N A Mark Estes Journal of the American College of Cardiology 2015 October 27