Eligibility and Disqualification Recommendations for Competitive Athletes With Cardiovascular Abnormalities: Preamble, Principles, and General Considerations : A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association and American College of Cardiology
- ACC/AHA Scientific Statements;
- cardiovascular abnormalities;
- hypertrophic cardiomyopathy;
- sudden death
This document addresses medical issues related to trained athletes with cardiovascular abnormalities. The objective is to present, in a readily useable format, consensus recommendations and guidelines principally addressing criteria for eligibility and disqualification from organized competitive sports for the purpose of ensuring the health and safety of young athletes. Recognizing certain medical risks imposed on athletes with cardiovascular disease, it is our aspiration that the recommendations that constitute this document will serve as a useful guide to the practicing community for clinical decision making. The ultimate goal is prevention of sudden death in the young, although it is also important not to unfairly or unnecessarily remove people from a healthy athletic lifestyle or competitive sports (that may be physiologically and psychologically intertwined with good quality of life and medical well-being) because of fear of litigation. It is our goal that the recommendations in this document, together with sound clinical judgment, will lead to a healthier, safer playing field for young competitive athletes.
Autor / Fonte:Barry J Maron, Douglas P Zipes, Richard J Kovacs Journal of the American College of Cardiology 2015 October 27