CrossFit athletes exhibit high symmetry of fundamental movement patterns. A cross-sectional study

Summary

Background

even if CrossFit training programs accounted actually more than 7500 gyms affiliated in the USA and more than 2000 in Europe and involved today more than 1 million of people, actually there were not several studies about the effect of the CrossFit on the health and sport performance. The aim of these research was to evaluate the performance in 7 fundamental movement patterns using a standardized methods, the Functional Movement Screen (FMS).

Methods

we enrolled three groups of athletes (age 17–40 years; >6 months of training programs): CrossFitters, body builders and professional weightlifters. FMS test was performed to all people enrolled. Scores of FMS test was examined comparing three groups.

Results

no differences in the three groups were showed in the mean score values of each test and in total score, except for shoulder mobility test (higher among CrossFitters) and trunk stability push-up test (higher among weightlifter). Agreement between the test performed on the two sides was higher in CrossFit groups for hurdle step (93.2%), in line lung (86%), rotary stability test (95.3%) and shoulder mobility (90.7%; p<0.001).

Conclusions

CrossFitters seem to have a high level of concordance in the scores achieved in bilateral test. CrossFit seems to produce marked symmetry in some fundamental movements compared to weightlifting and bodybuilding.

Keywords: CrossFit, functional movement screen, mobility, training 


Autor / Fonte:Silvio Tafuri, Angela Notarnicola, Antonello Monno, Francesco Ferretti, Biagio Moretti Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal 2016, 6 (1): 157-60
Link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4915455/pdf/157-160.pdf