Comparison of body composition, heart rate variability, aerobic and anaerobic performance between competitive cyclists and triathletes

Abstract

[Purpose] The aim of this study was to compare the body composition, heart rate variability, and aerobic and anaerobic performance between competitive cyclists and triathletes. [Subjects] Six cyclists and eight triathletes with experience in competitions voluntarily participated in this study. [Methods] The subjects’ body composition was measured with an anthropometric tape and skinfold caliper. Maximal oxygen consumption and maximum heart rate were determined using the incremental treadmill test. Heart rate variability was measured by 7 min electrocardiographic recording. The Wingate test was conducted to determine anaerobic physical performance. [Results] There were significant differences in minimum power and relative minimum power between the triathletes and cyclists. Anthropometric characteristics and heart rate variability responses were similar among the triathletes and cyclists. However, triathletes had higher maximal oxygen consumption and lower resting heart rates. This study demonstrated that athletes in both sports have similar body composition and aerobic performance characteristics.

Key words: Triathletes, Cyclists, Anaerobic power 


Autor / Fonte:Er?an Arslan, Dicle Aras Journal of Physical Therapy Science 2016, 28 (4): 1325-9
Link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4868236/pdf/jpts-28-1325.pdf